Prefabrication with Integration
- 时间：2019年7月19日 星期五 17:30
- 地点： ITA Open Space 2, ETH Hönggerberg
- 摄影：陈灵, Ghelichi Pedram
- 英语报道：Tian Chiang
With a population of 80 Million people the Greater Bay Area is becoming the most important economic growth engine for the whole of China. The fast growing urbanization process challenges the existing working strategy and looks for a balanced development model. The speed of the urbanization asks for a systematical method of building fast with efficiency and quality. Zhu took „Meili Primary School“ in Shenzhen as an example. Due to the gap between the demand for education and lack of offerings, the Meili Primary School needed an extension. But it was difficult to work on the extension while all the pupils still needed to go to school, so the team of Jingxiang Zhu suggested a temporary school on a temporary site. With a light steel building with 90% reusable components, the cost of the project reduced greatly. With super standard components, the building time of the school could be maintained in a realistic range. After the extension finished, the temporary components could be used in many other similar situations in the Greater Bay Area.
Planning according to different marginal conditions, like structure, energy, construction process and program, are Zhu’s several criteria. In Kenya, the project „Mcedo Beijing School“ shows us how „construction process“ could intervene in the final design. „Mcedo Beijing School“ is located in a 5000 people residential slum area where building materials and working power are extremely unavailable. So the strategy was to design according to the logistic and transportation conditions. The building components were designed very light and easy to build, so the volunteers living nearby could be easily trained and help to build the school. Due to the carefully optimized workflow, it took 5 days to finish the 500 m2 school. The results are satisfying, and it shows a new way to achieve decent building environments in less developed areas.
Patrick Schwalm introduced several projects to us, like apartment „Swisswoodhouse“ in Nebikon and Möriken. The prefabricated modular design (about 45 minutes to fix each module) allows the building to be assembled in a very fast and efficient way. Another project located in Freilager, Zürich was finished on time with only 10 workers on the construction site and financially very competitive. The project also shows the potential and capability of timber construction for large scale projects.
In the panel discussion the two guests and vice president of SCAA, Tao Wang shared their opinions on the role of architects in the prefabrication design process and the differences between China and Switzerland. For Patrick Schwalm the market recognition on timber buildings is a main problem in Switzerland. For the practices of Jingxiang Zhu, unlike in Switzerland, the strong supporting system of building industry does not exist in China. He finds it a good chance to invent, research and create. Facing different challenges and difficulties on different sides of the world, all agree on a better and sustainable living and working environment with integrated prefabrication systems.